Martial Arts has been developed in many different parts of the world from Europe, Africa, Asia, and to the Americas. Some evolved from other forms of martial arts while others have deep histories that go back thousands of years. Brazilian Jiu-jitsu is a great example of this. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu descended from the art of Japanese Jujitsu.
There are many jujitsu schools around the world now. They originate from the old Japanese battlefield arts. Also known as Japanese koryu. These arts were used as a secondary means of defense by warriors. For instance if they dropped or lost their weapon. Then later it evolved into being used for self-defense and self-improvement.
Jujitsu is an art that embraces self-defense techniques with little focus on striking. The uniforms worn is a Gi and belts that are colored (white to black) to indicate rank. Jujitsu moves are meant to give you leverage over an aggressor. The training typically focuses on blocking and throwing techniques. Jujitsu techniques use joint locks and choke holds from a standing position. These are used to either to throw an opponent off his feet or incapacitate him. Example of this can be seen in the video below.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ), evolved from traditional Japanese jujitsu. Jigoro Kano created judo in the early 20th century. As many schools ceased to emphasize live training and competition, he believed that the essence of jujitsu was being lost. He created an art based on throwing an opponent and then controlling or submitting him on the ground. When Mitsuyo Maeda, one of Kano’s students migrated to Brazil, BJJ was born. He taught the jujitsu to locals. The Gracie family were among his students also. Carlos Gracie placed a greater emphasis on the ground-fighting aspect of the art. This birthed the grappling art of Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a competition sport. Like Japanese jujitsu, BJJ features throws as well as joint locks and chokes, influenced by competition-orientated judo. Many of jujitsu’s traditional locks and takedowns work best against unsuspecting opponents, making them hard to use in competition. BJJ focuses on grappling on the floor and features no striking. It is taught mainly through live training and competitive sparring, known as rolling. The aim is to control an opponent before applying submission holds such as joint locks and strangleholds to get him to “tap,” signaling that he cannot escape. Reinforced gis are worn to withstand the rigors of training, with belts ranging from white to black. It usually requires significant time to progress between belt levels, so stripes are attached to the belt to signify progress at a certain rank.